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Help - physics demo

in Questions Posts: 883

Hello,

Trying to build a simple physics-based golf game but running into issues where objects are passing through each other. Here is a simple example - two physics objects, a small circle for the ball and a polygon shape for the ground. Sometimes the ball passes through the ground (I’ve set the bullet property to true which is supposed to prevent tunnelling). Also, sometimes the ball reacts to vertices of the polygon, almost as if there were a discontinuity between adjacent line segments. Any insights would be appreciated.


-- Micro Golf viewer.mode=FULLSCREEN -- Use this function to perform your initial setup function setup() drive=false len=WIDTH physics.continuous=true --set up tee and green points={vec2(len-100,100),vec2(len-55,100),vec2(len-55,90),vec2(len-45,90),vec2(len-45,100),vec2(len,100),vec2(len,0),vec2(0,0),vec2(0,100),vec2(50,100)} prev=vec2(50,100) --create varying ground local step=20 for i=prev.x,len-110,step do local hadj=-2+math.random(3) if i>len-130 then hadj=-(prev.y-100)/2 end table.insert(points,vec2(prev.x+step,prev.y+hadj)) prev=vec2(prev.x+step,prev.y+hadj) end bsize=3 ball=physics.body(CIRCLE,bsize) ball.type=DYNAMIC ball.x=50 ball.y=800 ball.restitution=0.3 ball.bullet=true ball.friction=0.2 ground=physics.body(POLYGON,table.unpack(points)) ground.x=0 ground.y=500 ground.type=STATIC ground.bullet=true -- ball:applyTorque(30) --backspin? end function draw() background(40, 40, 50) pushMatrix() translate(ground.x,ground.y) strokeWidth(2) stroke(85, 146, 29) local pts = ground.points for j = 1,#pts-1 do a= pts[j] b=pts[j+1] stroke(85, 146, 29) line(a.x, a.y, b.x, b.y) stroke(255) ellipse(a.x,a.y,3) end line(pts[1].x,pts[1].y,pts[#pts].x,pts[#pts].y) fill(236, 218, 67) stroke(236, 160, 67) rect(len-50,140,12,9) stroke(255) line(len-50,90,len-50,150) popMatrix() stroke(150) fill(255) ellipse(ball.x,ball.y,bsize*2) fill(255) text("Tap to drive",WIDTH/2,HEIGHT/2) end function touched(t) if not drive then ball:applyForce(vec2(15,20)) drive=true sound(asset.downloaded.A_Hero_s_Quest.Hit_Monster_1) end end

Comments

  • Posts: 883

    Ok - after doing a bit more reading into the box2D physics engine, it looks like I should be using a chain instead of a polygon.

  • dave1707dave1707 Mod
    Posts: 9,298

    @West Nice little program. Yes, you should be using CHAIN.

  • dave1707dave1707 Mod
    Posts: 9,298

    @West I took one of my CHAIN programs and stripped it down and made this. You can set the tee and green area widths. The grass in between has random heights.

    viewer.mode=FULLSCREEN
    
    function setup()
        teeWidth=100
        greenWidth=100
        pt={vec2(0,100),vec2(teeWidth,100)}          
        for z=teeWidth+teeWidth/4,WIDTH-(greenWidth+greenWidth/4),WIDTH//30 do
            table.insert(pt,vec2(z,100+math.random(-8,8)))
        end  
        table.insert(pt,vec2(WIDTH-greenWidth,100))
        table.insert(pt,vec2(WIDTH,100))
        c1=physics.body(CHAIN,false,table.unpack(pt))
    end
    
    function draw()
        background(40,40,50)
        for z=2,#c1.points do
            stroke(0,255,0)
            strokeWidth(4)
            if z==2 then
                stroke(255,0,0)
            elseif z==#c1.points then
                stroke(255,255,0)
            end
                line(c1.points[z].x,c1.points[z].y,c1.points[z-1].x,c1.points[z-1].y)        
        end
    end
    
  • Posts: 883

    Thanks @dave1707

  • dave1707dave1707 Mod
    Posts: 9,298

    I played with this for awhile and was able to get the ball in the hole a few times. Waiting to see the finished version.

  • Posts: 883

    @dave1707 like so many of my projects it will unlikely get to a finished version :smile:

    Here is a work in progress. Lots left to do including a better shot control, but for the time touch below the club selection line to hit the ball. Ball hits on release, x position sets the animation of the swing and the higher the touch the stronger the shot. Different clubs have different lofts.

  • dave1707dave1707 Mod
    Posts: 9,298

    @West It has a lot of potential, I like it. I managed to get a hole in 1.

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