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Can voxel volume blocks be solid?

in Questions Posts: 1,795

It doesn’t appear that blocks in voxel volumes can be solid in the sense that they interact with the physics engine (i.e. you can’t stand on them).

The attached project may be overkill for demonstrating this (I’m sure @dave1707 could do it in under 90 lines :) ) but it was what I had at hand.

The project shows a character either falling onto regular voxel blocks and being supported by them, or falling onto volume blocks and passing right through them; by default it starts with volume blocks, and to switch to regular voxel blocks comment out the line indicated around 42 or 43:

--comment this out to set voxels without a volume if true then return end

Is there a way to make volume blocks solid so you can stand on them?



  • Posts: 2,689
    @UberGoober - if the block as an entity can not be solid is it possible for each side of the box to be treated as solid - as an entity plane?
  • dave1707dave1707 Mod
    Posts: 9,977

    @UberGoober Not sure if this is anything you can use, I made this long ago when I was playing with Voxels. It’s the Frog moving across some random Voxel terrain.

    function setup()
        assert(OrbitViewer, "Please include Cameras as a dependency")    
        scene = craft.scene(),vec3(0,20,0),30,0,2000)
        dirtgrass = scene.voxels.blocks:new("DirtGrass")
        dirtgrass.setTexture(ALL, "Blocks:Dirt Grass")
        water = scene.voxels.blocks:new("Water")
        water.setTexture(ALL, "Blocks:Water")
        snow = scene.voxels.blocks:new("Snow")
        snow.setTexture(ALL, "Blocks:Snow")
        grass = scene.voxels.blocks:new("Grass Top")
        grass.setTexture(ALL, "Blocks:Grass Top")
        scene.voxels.coordinates = vec3(100,0,100) 
        for x=1,val do
            for z=1,val do  
                if y>dirtLevel then
                elseif y>grassLevel then
                elseif y>waterLevel then
                    scene.voxels:fill("Grass Top")
        frog = scene:entity()
        local a = frog:add(craft.volume)
        frog.scale = vec3(1,1,1) * 0.09
    function update(dt)
    function draw()
        if cnt>60 then
        frog.position = vec3(x1,y1+1,z1)  
  • Posts: 1,795

    @dave1707 I think in that example you’re using voxels directly and not as part of a volume. I’m specifically talking about voxels in a volume.

  • dave1707dave1707 Mod
    Posts: 9,977

    @UberGoober I'll look up volume and see what that's about. I don't think I've messed with it or else I forgot about it.

  • Posts: 1,795

    I forget where the original of this is, but this project contains many versions of a thing you did with volumes.

  • dave1707dave1707 Mod
    Posts: 9,977

    @UberGoober I totally forgot about the volume:set when creating those cubes. But I guess it would be the same thing I’m doing with the Frog. I’m recalculating where a Voxel would be and staying just above it. If a block isn’t a solid object then create a table of block positions and use that to position anything around it. Or you could create a physics wall to cover any open voxel edge.

  • Posts: 1,795

    Those seem like good alternate ways of creating solid surfaces.

    It’s just odd to me that the base voxel system and the volume system use the exact same block objects, not to mention that (one assumes) the volume system is built on top of the base voxel system, but the blocks are solid in one case and not in the other case.

    @John, given that voxel blocks have the properties necessary to be solid in the base voxel system, is there any way of activating those properties when used in volumes—and not for nothing, having solid volume-based blocks would greatly increase their usefulness in games, given that you can independently rotate and position volumes freely, and you can’t do that with the base voxel system.

  • Posts: 297

    I've been studying block usage for a while, and I've noticed that the difference between volume and blocks is that the former only provides the same visual appearance as the latter, but doesn't store the latter's behavioral properties. In other words, a volume model does not include physical simulations.

  • Posts: 1,795
    @binaryblues you seem to have done the most in-depth examination of the voxel system, and it’s actually quite heartening that you judged it to be a pretty good system overall.

    Since all voxel blocks can be scripted, it seems like it might not be too hard to write a script that automatically attaches a physics body cube to a block, but @John warns in his documentation that scripting should be used only sparingly, because it eats up memory like crazy.

    In your experience, would a script that adds rigidbodies to every voxel just figuratively explode Codea?
  • Posts: 297

    @UberGoober You get the point. Indeed, the complexity of a custom block can affect the stability of your application. The more complex a block is, the more resource intensive it is and the more likely it is to crash. I just collected some voxel system documentation and experimented with it, and it's a great visualization tool. But perhaps because of the steep learning curve and the lack of documentation, there aren't many user-initiated projects. You can see the experimental code I posted earlier on voxel systems. In fact, the rigidbody is the default configuration for each voxel block (except for glass and water, which are two types of blocks that can pass right through, perhaps without attaching to the rigid body) , since each voxel block must be able to be mined, can be an obstacle.

    Below is an example, you can change the radius to see the max value

    -- ExEzBlocks -- 极端简化的方块系统 -- viewer.mode = FULLSCREEN_NO_BUTTONS viewer.mode = FULLSCREEN function setup() scene = craft.scene() -- 使用 OrbitViewer,需要通过 voxels 的参数来学会计算当前观察者所在位置,否则会被陷在方块中 player =, vec3( 40, 20, -10), 80, 1, 900) -- 设置 voxel 地形参数:大小规模和坐标 scene.voxels:resize(vec3(5,1,5)) scene.voxels.coordinates = vec3(0,0,0) -- 创建自己的 block type scene.voxels.blocks:addAssetPack("Blocks") grass = scene.voxels.blocks:new("myGrass") print(type( grass.setTexture(ALL, "Blocks:Dirt") grass.setColor(ALL, color(239, 222, 5)) blinky() -- 使用 craft.voxels 默认提供的基础 block type:SOLID scene.voxels:fill("myGrass") -- 用默认的方块 SOLID 创建地面,球体,线条,单独的方块 scene.voxels:box(0,0,0, 16*8,1,16*8) -- try set radius to 12,13,14,15,16,17 radius = 17 scene.voxels:fill("Blinky") scene.voxels:sphere(40,50,90,radius) scene.voxels:fill("Blinky") scene.voxels:line(10,20,0,10,50,30) scene.voxels:block(vec3(30,20,35)) -- 用新建的 block type 绘制 scene.voxels:fill("myGrass") scene.voxels:block(vec3(40,20,35)) -- 如何处理block grass.update = function(entity, dt) print("uuuuu") entity.y = math.sin(ElapsedTime) end grass.destroyed = function(entity) sound(SOUND_POWERUP) end craft.scene.main = scene end function update(dt) scene:update(dt) end function draw() update(DeltaTime) scene:draw() end -- 帮助文档中的新建 block type 例程 -- 创建会闪烁的block function blinky() local Blinky = scene.voxels.blocks:new("Blinky") Blinky.setTexture(ALL, "Blocks:Stone") -- Blinky.setColor(ALL, color(239, 222, 5)) Blinky.geometry = TRANSLUCENT Blinky.renderPass = TRANSLUCENT Blinky.tinted = true Blinky.dynamic = true Blinky.scriped = true -- the internal script function Blinky:created() -- Schedule an update in one second self:schedule(60) -- self:blockUpdate(60) end function Blinky:blockUpdate(ticks) -- Create a random color -- local x,y,z = self:xyz() -- print("----") local randomColor = color(math.random(128,255), math.random(128,255), math.random(128,255)) -- Blinky.setColor(ALL, randomColor) -- Blinky.setColor(DOWN, randomColor) -- set block color and then schedule another update in one second -- self:set(vec3(x,y,z),COLOR, randomColor) self:set(COLOR, randomColor) self:schedule(10) end end
  • Posts: 1,795
    @binaryblues I feel ignorant of the reason for all the Asian characters in the code…
  • Posts: 1,795
    @binaryblues I don’t remember if you were on the forums when I was also pointing out the dearth of voxel projects—are you aware I made an alternate block library that implemented more blocks than the original?
  • Posts: 297

    @UberGoober Don't worry about the characters, they're just comments. I went through almost all the voxel-related articles on the forum, including yours, and downloaded and experimented with your projects to learn how to use your resources (make sure you have an info.plist file, for example)
    And some interesting volume models, like castles, bears, soldiers with shields, etc. , I don't know if you created them or someone else did, but they inspired me a lot.

  • dave1707dave1707 Mod
    edited April 11 Posts: 9,977

    @UberGoober If you double tap on the characters and then highlight them, you’ll get a popup bar that has translate on it. Use that to read them. I use translate for any text I get that’s not English. A lot of discussions will show up here in foreign languages and I select some of the text to translate it before I delete them.

  • Posts: 1,795
    @binaryblues I made those models, I’m glad you liked them! I don’t get what you meant about info.plist…
  • Posts: 1,795
    @binaryblues on my iPhone 8 this is all I see when I run the above code.
  • edited April 12 Posts: 297

    @UberGoober The info.plist file is needed in your custom asset folder, at first, I dont know this rule, and my custom block asset cannot take effect, after read your post, I got it.

    Pls try to change these line to below:

        -- try set radius to 12,13,14,15,16,17 
        radius = 8

    If it still dont show the sphere, make the radius more smaller untill it can show.

    In your device, the plane cannot be drawn in one piece, Means we're running out of memory.

  • Posts: 1,795
    @binaryblues ok it’s working now. But even setting the radius to 9 causes incomplete rendering.

    Why did you include a grass.update function and a grass.destroy function—they don’t seem to be called ever?

    I have to say it’s a little stunning how fast the memory runs out with scripted blocks—without scripted blocks Codea can render a volume containing a 400x400x400-voxel box without any trouble.
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