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edited September 2013 Posts: 20

How do i compare the result of a sum with all the values in a table?
Ex.
t={2,6,8,9}
a=math.random(1,10)
b=math.random(1,10)
c=a-b
c must be one of the values in table t

Tagged:

• Posts: 3,295
for i,v in pairs(t) do
if v == c then print('index '..tostring(i)..' matches') end
end

• Posts: 7,810

function setup()     t={2,6,8,9}     a=math.random(1,10)     b=math.random(1,10)     c=a-b     for x,y in pairs(t) do         if y==c then             print(a.." - "..b.." equal to "..y)         else             print(a.." - "..b.." not equal to "..y)         end     end     end
• Posts: 20

I only wont to print a-b=c.
It should always be true
If it is not true it should repeat

• edited September 2013 Posts: 7,810

@Aaronwillaert Sorry, but I'm not sure what you're asking. I went ahead and did this anyways.

displayMode(FULLSCREEN) function setup()     t={2,6,8,9}     next=false end function draw()     background(40,40,50)     fontSize(40)     fill(255)     if not next then         a=math.random(1,10)         b=math.random(1,10)         c=a-b         for x,y in pairs(t) do             if y==c then                 next=true             end         end      else           text(a.." - "..b.." = "..c,WIDTH/2,HEIGHT/2)         text("tap screen for next display",WIDTH/2,HEIGHT/2-100)     end end function touched(t)     if t.state==BEGAN then         next=false     end end
• Posts: 20

That's it, thanks!!

• Posts: 20

The solution can be so simple

• Posts: 20

How come if i remove one number with every touch at the end the text is displayed very slow

• Posts: 7,810

@Aaronwillaert I assume by removing one number, you're removing one number from the table t. a and b are random numbers. a - b has to equal c, and c has to be a number in the table t. So each time you remove a number from the table t, there are less numbers to match. So it takes longer for a and b to form a correct equation. Each time the draw function is called ( 60 times per second ), random numbers are assigned to a and b, and the result of a - b is compared to a number in the table. So that causes the display to look slow. The code can be changed and a while loop added so that all the random calculation are done in a single draw loop. I'll add that code later unless you want to try it yourself. You have to be careful with while loops in draw, if the while loop doesn't exit, draw doesn't exit and it appears like the iPad is locked up.

• Posts: 7,810

@Aaronwillaert Here is the code using a while loop in draw.

displayMode(FULLSCREEN) function setup()     t={2,6,8,9}     done=false end function draw()     background(40,40,50)     fontSize(40)     fill(255)     while not done do         a=math.random(1,10)         b=math.random(1,10)         c=a-b         for x,y in pairs(t) do             if y==c then                 done=true             end         end      end     text(a.." - "..b.." = "..c,WIDTH/2,HEIGHT/2)     text("tap screen for next display",WIDTH/2,HEIGHT/2-100) end function touched(t)     if t.state==BEGAN then         done=false     end end
• Posts: 20

So you mean when my table t is empty is will crash because "done" can't become true, so the while continues for infinity (trying to understand)

• edited September 2013 Posts: 2,161

Throwing out ineligible pairs gets inefficient as the number of eligible pairs gets small relative to the total number. Better is to create a list of all eligible pairs and then select one of those at random.

t = {2,6,8,9}
s = {}
for k=1,10 do
for _,v in ipairs(t) do
if k + v > 10 then
break
end
table.insert(s,{k+v,k})
end
end
i = math.random(1,#s)
a = s[i]
b = s[i]
print(a .. " - " .. b .. " = " .. a - b)

• Posts: 20

Thanks just what i need. Beter then the while loop.
took a while before I understood it. i have much to learn.